Lombok Culture and Tourism
Lombok Island (total population in 2001: 2,722,123 inhabitants) is an island in the Lesser Sunda islands or Nusa Tenggara are separated by the Lombok Strait from Bali in Sebelat the west and the Alas Strait to the east of Sumbawa. The island is roughly spherical with a kind of “tail” on the southwest side whose length is approximately 70 km. The island reaches 5,435 km ², placing it at rank 108 on the list based on the breadth of the island in the world. The main town on the island is Mataram City.
Lombok is under the administration of the Governor of the province of West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat). The province is administered from the provincial capital of Mataram in West Lombok.
The island is divided into four regencies and one kota (city). They are:North Lombok Regency (Lombok Utara)
- West Lombok Regency (Lombok Barat)
- Central Lombok Regency (Lombok Tengah)
- East Lombok Regency (Lombok Timur)
- Mataram City
Lombok Strait marks the boundary of the flora and fauna of Asia. Starting from the island Lombok to the east, flora and fauna more shows similarities with the flora and fauna found in Australia than Asia. The scientist who first stated this is Alfred Russel Wallace, an Englishman in the 19th century. To honor this limit is called the Wallace Line.
The topography of the island is dominated by Rinjani volcano which height reaches 3,726 meters above sea level and making it the third-highest in Indonesia. The mountain last erupted in June-July 1994. In 1997 the mountain region and adjoining lake Segara Anak declared protected by the government. The area south of the island consists mostly of fertile land used for agriculture, commodities are usually grown in this area include maize, rice, coffee, tobacco and cotton.
The island’s inhabitants are 85% Sasak whose origins are thought to have migrated from Java in the first millennium BC Other residents include an estimated 10–15% Balinese, with the small remainder being Tionghoa-peranakan, Javanese, Sumbawanese and Arab Indonesians.
The Sasak population are culturally and linguistically closely related to the Balinese, but unlike the Hindu Balinese, the majority are Muslim and the landscape is punctuated with mosques and minarets. Islamic traditions and holidays influence the Island’s daily activities.
In 2008 the Island of Lombok had 866,838 households and an average of 3.635 persons per household.
The 2010 census recorded a population of 4,496,855 people in the province of NTB, of which 70.42% reside on Lombok, giving it a population of 3,166,685.
Cidomo, traditional means of transportation on the island of Lombok, the main means of transport in rural areas
Lombok in many ways similar to Bali, and in the decade of the 1990s began to be known foreign tourists. However, with the advent of the financial crisis that hit Indonesia in late 1997 and other crises that accompany it, the potential for tourism rather are abandoned. Then in early 2000 riots and inter-ethnic interfaith across Lombok causing a mass exodus of minorities. They mainly fled to the island of Bali. But after some time later the situation has become conducive and they’re back. In 2007, the tourism sector is the only sector that is growing in Lombok.
Destinations tourist attraction
- Pantai Senggigi
- Gili Air
- Gili Meno
- Gili Trawangan
- Gunung Rinjani
- Pantai Kuta, Lombok
- Air Terjun Sendang Gile
- Gili Nangu
- Gili Sundak
- Gili Tangkong
- Hutan Monyet Pusuk
- Masjid Bayan Beleq
- Pura Suranadi
- Pura Lingsar
- Taman Narmada
- Taman Mayura